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如何快速高效地应对雅思阅读多选题?

来源:  浏览:2100      发布日期:2019-04-11 16:38:10

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我们可以注意到这样一个事实:雅思阅读多项选择题答题的正确率低。如果考生能在题型特点上多些思考,根据具体多选题的不同特点调整解题步骤,同题异做,便可望在解题速度及正确率方面大有改观,本文将对如何快速高效地应对雅思阅读多选题浅议一二。

雅思阅读中的多选题包括多选一(通常为4选1)和多选多(多为5或6项中选出2或3项符合原文内容的),题目均由2部分构成:题干和选项。在4选1的题型中,题干通常可分为2类:general/ specific. 前者题干的内容所指一般较宽泛,笼统,典型的如:What is the writer’s main point … ? / In the first paragraph the writer makes the point that blind people…。

如果考生按照传统做法依此意到原文中寻找,往往耗时耗力,结果却未免正确,明智的做法是先将下面的4个选项一一读过,并留意它们的核心意义,和彼此之间的区别,以利于接下来的甄别和判断,然后再到文章中对应;另外一种比较specific的题干恰恰相反,是指题干的内容所指相对较具体,这时则无需读下面的选项了,因为要到原文中去寻找的内容已然清楚了,多读选项内容就显得意义不大了,反而会耗去一些时间。今天,达美小编又给大家搜刮来一些方法技巧,好好看看吧:

一、明确告知选项个数

随便翻一道多选题,阅读它的题目指令,就会发现任何一道多选都不会藏头露尾,它总是很坦然地告诉你,你要选2个,或者3个,或者4个…


例1:剑5T1P1:
Questions 1-3
ChooseTHREElettersA-H
Write your answersinboxes 1-3 on your answer sheet.
NBYour answers maybe given in any order.
WhichTHREEof thefollowing statements are true of Johnson'sDictionary?

例2:剑8T3P2:
Questions 14-18
ChooseFIVEletters,A-K.
Write the correctletters inboxes 14-18 on your answer sheet.
NBYour answers maybe given in any order.
Below are listedsome popular beliefs about genius and giftedness.
WhichFIVEof thesebeliefs are reported by the writer of the text?

二、选项数对应题量

国内考试中的多选题,一般不告诉你选几个,而且最可怕还在于多选少选就不给分,必须得刚好选到正确数量的正确选项。而雅思考试不但直接告诉你选几个,而且更NICE的是每个选项都是一道题,所以只要你选对一个,就可以得到一个勾。比如上面例1是选THREE,所以给到的题号是1-3;例2是选FIVE, 所以给到题号14-18.而且,每道题都会有个NB(请注意),很温馨地提示你,Your answers may be given in any order.也就是说,在这几个题号中,你只要选到对的选项填上对的字母即可。

三、正确答案相对集中

关于多选题的解答,还有至关重要的一点是它有针对性的范围,从来没有一道多选是要看完全文才能做的,所以我们说,多选题的正确答案,一般集中在1-2段。


如上例2,题目指令说:
Below arelistedsome popular beliefsabout genius and giftedness.
WhichFIVEof thesebeliefs are reported by the writer of the text?

考生应当根据提示,去文中寻找描述“popularbeliefs”的段落:
原文:The concept ofgenius and of gifts has become part of our folk culture, and attitudes areambivalent towards them. We envy the gifted and mistrust them. In the mythologyof giftedness, it is popularly believed that if people are talented in onearea, they must be defective in another, that intellectuals are impractical,…

这个时候,考生应该果段使用SKIM跳读法,每段看个开头一两句,基本就能定位到段落。

剑桥系列所有多选中唯一一道令人定位困难的,是剑5第一篇,即以上所举例
1.
题干中能用以定位的信息只有这一句:
WhichTHREEof thefollowing statements are true ofJohnson'sDictionary?

而题中唯一可定位的词Johnson'sDictionary又刚好是本篇文章的大标题,因此有考生以为这组多选是要看全文的,但是我们若留意选项,会发现所以选项都是针对Dictionary的,所以只要寻找到直接描述Dictionary相关信息的段落即可。
A It avoided allscholarly words.
B It was the onlyEnglish dictionary in general use for 200 years.
C It was famousbecause of the large number of people involved.
D It focused mainlyon language from contemporary texts.
E There was a timelimit for its completion.
F It ignored workdone by previous dictionary writers.
G It took intoaccount subtleties of meaning.
H Its definitionswere famous for their originality.

让我们跳读一下原文------

P1: For thecenturybefore Johnson's Dictionarywas published in 1775, there had been concernabout the state of the English language. … (显然不是)
P2: There had, ofcourse, beendictionaries in the past, …(显然不是)
P4:Johnsonwas apoet and critic who raised common sense to the heights of genius…(显然还不是)
P5:The workwasimmense; filling about eighty large notebooks (and without a library to hand),Johnson wrote thedefinitions of over 40,000 words, and illustrated their manymeanings with some114,000 quotationsdrawn from English writing on everysubject, from the Elizabethans to his own time. (BINGO,找到了!!!)

四、按文章顺序答题

最后一点,找到题目所对应的段落之后,应按文章顺序答题。因为选项无序,且有一些选项是混淆项。但是文章内容多,选项多,怎样才能有条理地筛选而不至于大脑容量不够,则应采取以下原则:每看原文一到两句,到选项中筛选一次,把能选的选出,能排的排掉,然后再读一到两句,再进行一次排选。以此类推,直至选到全部选项。

当然,如果考生脑容量较大,则可以选阅读选项,记住每个选项关键词,然后对原文相应段落进行扫读,对于踩点的原句进行细读,没有踩点的句子则迅速带过。如此,也能顺利解决多选题。方法可以因人而异,只要将其特点牢记于心,则万变不离其宗,问题便可迎刃而解!

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